Benefits Of Worms In The Garden

Keeping earthworms in the garden is one of the best ways to get your soil working right. They help aerate the soil, make it more porous and distribute nutrients and healthful microbes.

Worms also create worm castings, which are one of the best plant foods you can add to your soil. The casts are rich in nutrients and decompose rapidly, making them ideal for growing seeds and transplants.

Organic Matter

Organic matter is the partially decomposed remains of soil organisms and plant life including lichens and mosses, grasses and leaves, trees and other kinds of vegetative matter.

It is a natural resource that helps improve soil health and promotes healthy plant growth. It provides a source of essential nutrients, attracts earthworms, and supports beneficial bacteria and other microbiological activity in the soil.

In addition, soil organic matter protects water quality and the environment by reducing surface runoff of pesticides and fertilizers into nearby streams and rivers. It also binds selected harmful pollutants like residual pesticides and trace elements so that they cannot escape from the soil.

About 10% to 40% of soil organic matter is made up of living organisms such as bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and algae. These organisms feed on organic matter and mix it into the mineral soil to recycle plant nutrients. They help make soil more porous and able to hold more water.

Healthy Soil

When it comes to gardening, healthy soil can make all the difference. It helps your plants grow strong and beautiful, and helps reduce pest and disease problems.

A good-quality soil has a balance of solid parts (clay and sand) and pore spaces between them, which allow air to enter the soil and water to leave. The soil also has a distinctive earthy odor, thanks to the beneficial microbes that live there.

Soils contain a broad array of nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and calcium. These elements are essential to plants and the microbes that use them, as well as to animals and worms in the soil food web.

Healthy Plants

Nothing brings joy to a gardener’s eyes quite like the sight of worms crawling around in the soil. Whether you spot them in a worm bin or in the soil, observing the worm population is an excellent way to understand how well your plants are doing in your garden.

Worms in the soil are great for aerating the soil, improving its structure, and distributing nutrients to plant roots. They help reduce soil erosion and improve moisture retention, a key element of organic gardening.

They also produce an organic fertilizer called worm castings, which is rich in essential nutrients for healthy plants. These castings are slow-release, so a little goes a long way.

The best types of worms to use in home gardens are night crawlers (Lumbricus terrestris), which are able to tunnel deep underground–often several feet under the surface of the soil. They can be used in a worm composting box indoors or an outdoor worm bin, but they need protection from heat and cold.

Healthy You

Adding worms to your garden can improve the health of plants and the soil. They are also a good source of nitrogen, a nutrient that is important for plant growth.

In addition, worms help aerate the soil and increase the moisture-holding capacity of the soil. They also help reduce soil erosion and decrease the amount of nutrients lost to water runoff.

Earthworms are cold-blooded organisms and need a temperature of 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit to thrive. They also prefer soils that are rich in clay and that contain adequate levels of organic matter.

They produce a material called worm castings, which is a free source of fertilizer for your garden. Casts are made by worms when they break down organic waste and other soil debris into nutrient-rich manure. Worm castings can be mixed into soil, added to seedling containers, and applied around trees.