Hedgerows are a great way to create boundaries around your garden. It is a strip of mixed planting that requires a bit of effort for planting. Though planting hedgerows is a complicated task, it is worth trying because of the vast range of benefits it offers.
Hedgerows can provide great privacy and keep your plants protected from wild animals. However, there are different types of hedgerows, and each of them supports a different purpose.
Depending on your purpose, you can plant the desired hedgerows in your area. But how to plant hedgerows? What are the items that you will need for planting hedgerows? Well, in this article, we will tackle these topics and others related to hedgerows.
Related read: Your Guide to the 10 Best Hedge Trimmers in 2021
6 Easy Steps to Plant a Hedgerow
Following are the five simple steps to follow if you want to plant hedgerows in your area.
Step 1: Know the Purpose
First, you should know the purpose of your hedgerows. Each kind of hedgerow has a different purpose, and if you know why you are planting it, it will become easier for you to pick the right hedgerows.
Therefore, before starting the plantation of hedgerows, you should first question yourself why you want hedgerows? There are different reasons due to which people usually start planting hedgerows in their area. Most gardeners plant it for their privacy and to keep people and animals away from their garden.
You can also use it as a wind block or as a source of beauty. If planted well, hedgerows will make your garden seem great. The best thing is that hedgerows can serve multiple purposes at a single time.
Step 2: Choose the Right Area
Another thing that you should know before planting a hedgerow is the area. If you know where you want to plant your hedgerow, it will make the planting process a bit easier.
Most gardeners use the hedgerows as fences which means that they usually plant them at the edges of the garden. You can make edges of your properties with the hedgerow.
You can also mark the boundaries and separate the area. So, you should first decide the right location for the plantation of the hedgerow. Once you know the accurate area, it will get more manageable for you to plant it.
Step 3: Prepare the Area
After choosing the area, one thing that you will need to do is to prepare it to grow hedgerow. Not all types of hedgerows grow well on all types of soil. If your soil is not optimal enough for the growth of hedgerows, then you will first need to prepare it.
Similar to other plants, you will have to adopt the same approach for planting hedgerows. Most experts recommend using sheet-mulching to prepare the area.
The best thing about sheet-mulching is that it will help you get rid of unwanted weeds and shrubs. You can also use thick mulch for this process. However, it is up to you which method you use for preparing the hedgerow area.
Step 4: Decide the Height and Width of Hedgerow
Once you are done with choosing the right area for the plantation of your hedgerow, the other thing that you will need to do is decide how wide and tall you want your hedgerow. If you know your needs, you can easily decide the correct height and width of your hedgerow.
If you want to use it as a wind blocker, then make sure to plant a wider and tall hedgerow. You may also require planting a few trees with your hedgerow to block the wind.
By adding trees, you will easily be able to block the wind. On the other hand, you can plant a shorter hedgerow with scattered trees if your purpose is to keep the wildlife away. However, make sure that the hedgerow is wider, which you can do with a little effort.
Besides, many people also plant hedgerows for their privacy, and in that case, they usually plant wider hedgerows that block the outside view. So, it depends on the reason because of which you are planting the hedgerow.
No matter the purpose of planting your hedgerow, you should keep them at least 6 feet wider. If we talk about height, there is no minimum limit. You can keep the height of the hedgerow as per your choice.
Step 5: Planning the Planting Rows
Most gardeners recommend planting a hedgerow by breaking it into rows of plants. You can keep one row of trees with similar heights, the other row with shade-tolerant shrubs, and another one with fast-growing shrubs.
But it is up to you which strategy you want to try while planting the hedgerow. No matter what strategy you follow, make sure that the plants grow together. Further, you should ensure to add at least 2 rows of plants while planting hedgerows, while most gardeners prefer 3 rows.
On the other hand, you should also keep around 2 feet between each row if you are planting it for privacy. This will help you attain dense hedgerows, while you can prefer 3 feet of distance for less dense hedgerows.
Another thing that you should plan is the number of plants to grow in a single row. More plants will also help you make a dense hedgerow, while less dense hedgerows will have fewer plants. However, make sure to choose the correct time to plant.
Step 6: Picking the Plants
The last step you will need to follow in planting a hedgerow is picking the right plants. Most of the hedgerows contain various trees and shrubs. Apart from trees and shrubs, you can also use non-woody plants to make hedgerows.
You can even add multiple vegetables and flowers to your hedgerows. Most experts also choose lupines as they have many benefits. The lupines will help you fix nitrogen in the soil, making it useful for various other plants. Initially, you can go for denser plants if you want.
Make sure to plant every 4 feet in each row to get a denser hedgerow. In such a way, you will achieve better privacy and keep the animals and people away because of the higher density of the hedgerow.
On the other hand, if your prime goal is to start trees, make sure to have 6 to 8 feet of distance between the trees. Some gardeners also grow food-producing plants that support the wildlife.
If you also aim to do that, then make sure to go for less dense plants. But it would help if you tried minimizing the gap in each row for a better outcome. Adding non-woody plants will help you in that case.
You can reduce the distance between trees and shrubs in hedgerows by adding non-woody plants. Experts also suggested that you go for plants with similar growth habits to attain the best results quickly.
For example, what if you add one row of fast-growing plants while the other row with the slow-growing plants? Well, the result, in that case, will not be impressive, and you will have to frequently cut the fast-growing plants to create room for the slow-growing plants.
So, the best scenario will be adding a double row of fast-growing shrubs. It is up to you how many plants per row you want. Therefore, before selecting the plant, also examine its growth habit.
3 Prime Benefits a Planting Hedgerows
Though there are many benefits of a newly planted hedge, here we will discuss only a few top ones.
Flooding and Disease Control
Flooding and disease control is one of the vital advantages that you will get on planting the hedgerows. Hedgerows have a very dense root system that will help you prevent flooding.
Not only this, but also it will regulate the water movement. Therefore, if you do not want to deal with flooding after rain, make sure to plant hedgerows.
Besides, you can also reduce the risk of various diseases because of hedgerows. It will minimize the growth of several plant diseases and also keep the airborne disease away.
Reduce Pesticide Use
If you have hedgerows in your area, you will require using less pesticide. The reason behind it is that hedgerows will also block various pests from reaching the plants. Hedgerows also enhance the growth of parasitic and predator species, which are enemies of various pests.
It will also help you keep the birds, spiders, and beetles away from your garden. Therefore, instead of investing a lot of money in buying pesticides, you can produce hedgerows in your garden.
Minimize Soil Erosion
Another vital benefit of hedgerows is that they will reduce soil erosion. It will help you keep the ground balanced. Apart from this, you will also notice a reduction in wind speed after planting hedgerows.
A hedgerow can help you minimize the wind speed because it is larger in height. The greater height of the hedgerow blocks the wind and decreases its speed which is another prime advantage of hedgerows.
Another excellent benefit of hedgerows is that they will let you conserve water. The blockage of the dry summer wind will assist you in saving more water.