All types of plants require water for their proper health and growth. If plants get water according to their needs, they grow well. Otherwise, their development and health are greatly affected.
On the other hand, incorrect water techniques also matter a lot. These techniques harm plants a lot. The plant is at risk of having the disease if they are not water properly.
Second, extra or insufficient amounts of water often kill the plants. Many times, it becomes difficult to determine when and how to water the plants. Watering plants is not that simple.
It requires tremendous focus and attention. Different factors are responsible for this decision. But what are those factors, and how often should I want outdoor plants? Well, here you will get answers to all such questions.
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Watering Outdoor Plants
Outdoor plants face different seasons directly. In the hot summer season, they face the direct heat and light of the sun. Due to this direct heat, the plants require special care and attention.
In this hot weather, you have to keep in mind some essential things while watering outdoor plants. By these things, you can easily maintain the health of your garden plants. These important things include;
Factor 1: Water Plants in the Morning
In the hot summer season, the best time to water the plants is in the morning. Water the outdoor plants and vegetables before the heat of the day. When the heat comes up, frequent watering plants does not work at all.
In the morning, the soil is excellent. Due to the cool soil, the water can quickly seep down. The water can easily move to the roots of the plants and improves their health. If you water the plant when the sun is at the top, it will not reach the roots of plants.
It is because the water gets evaporated at that time due to high temperature before seeping down. When proper water does not match the plant, then different diseases attack them.
Giving water early to the plants helps to store a sufficient amount of water under the soil. This good water then helps the plant to withstand the hot summer day.
The garden plants will then easily face the heat of the sun. Watering plants also depend on the seasons. In the hot summers watering plants become more critical. The winter season requires less water than the summer season.
Factor 2: Water Outdoor Container Plants
There are some plants that you sow in containers and place them outdoors. The soil present in the container plant is slightly different from the soil in the flowering bed.
The soil in containers or pots dries more quickly. To the outdoor container plants, you have to water them once a day. It is because the outdoor plants face the sunlight directly, due to which they dry quickly.
If you water the plants in the morning and the temperature goes to 90 degrees, you have to water them in the afternoon. If you do so, your outdoor plant becomes healthy. Your plants do not get dry.
Factor 3: Soak New Garden Plants and Shrubs
When you plant new plants and trees, then you have to do their extra care. Such a type of plant requires more water than usual. In the first month of growing new plants, you have to water them according to their routine.
Water these plants and shrubs about two to three times a week. You should thoroughly soak these plants and shrubs. Otherwise, the plants will not grow well, and you cannot get the desired result. When the trees get older, then you have to change their water routine.
The two years older shrubs and trees require water once in two weeks. When the plants get older, their capacity to face temperature increases. The older plants can easily withstand high temperatures and less water.
Factor 4: Check Moisture Level
The outdoor plants suffer the most because the soil dries out quickly. Dry soil makes these plants dry quickly. On the other hand, if you give them too much water, it also damages their roots.
When a large amount of water remains in plants’ roots, they do not get enough oxygen. Oxygen is a necessary ingredient for the plant. We, humans, need oxygen to breathe; plants also need it to live.
A sufficient amount of oxygen is also essential for the proper health and growth of the plant. On a hot summer day, the surface of the soil gets dry. But at the same time, the soil beneath its upper layer is still moist.
That is why it is essential to check the ground. You can check it by the following process. Take a handy dowel and insert it in the soil. The dowel should go to a few inches, then pull it out. If the soil sticks to the dowel, then it is moist.
If the soil is dry, then it does not stick with the dowel. If the dowel comes out dry, then it is time to plant the trees. Keep checking soil will help you to maintain the proper health and growth of your plants.
Factor 5: Water Plants in the Evening
On hot summer days, water evaporation is a problem. These days, the best time to water the plants is in the evening. The plants’ soil is very hot in the daytime due to direct heat coming from the sun.
At that time, if you water the plants, then it evaporates immediately. Due to which the water will not reach the roots. When the water does not get the roots, then it affects the health of the plant.
When you water the plants in the evening, less evaporation occurs as the soil in the evening is cooler than daytime. A sufficient amount of water goes to the roots of plants. The plants can supply them with an adequate amount of water before the start of the next day.
Factor 6: Even Distribution of Water
Even distribution of water is significant. When water distributes evenly, then all parts of the plant grow. If the water is not distributed evenly, then it affects the growth of plants.
How to Evenly Distribute Water on Plants?
While distributing water to the plants, you have to keep some important points in mind.
Frequent Watering all Sides of Plants
If you use water, you have to water all sides of plants. When using water, you can water only on one side of the plant. Due to which the other side of the plant remains dry.
Water all sides of plants so that the plant can easily absorb water. This absorbed water will then go to the roots, and all the sides of the roots grow properly. Otherwise, one side of the root grows more than the other side of the root.
Do not Water with Jet Spray Nozzles
If you water the container plants, then do not water them with a jet spray nozzle. Jet type spray nozzles are pressurized nozzles. In these nozzles, the water comes out with great pressure.
These types of nozzles are suitable for washing off and for sidewalks. If you use these jet spray nozzles, then they damage the foliage and blossoms. The pressurized water destroys small flowers.
The soil of the container plants that are around the roots also gets disturbed. If you do not have any other option, remove the nozzle from the garden hose and slowly move the water.
Use Wand to Water Container Plants
For watering the container plants, water wands are the best. By these, you can easily extend your arm. You can give water directly at the soil level. The water will reach the roots and help to grow the plant effectively.
You can provide a suitable amount of water that is necessary for the base of the plant. Small flowers get destroyed by a large amount of water. The water also saves the blossoms and small flowers from damage. It only pours less amount of water that does not damage small plants.
Use of Broadcast Sprinkler
Broadcast sprinklers are for soaking the plant leaves. On hot summer days, the broadcast sprinkler is inefficient. The water that is distributed by the broadcast sprinkler evaporates due to hot weather.
This water cannot reach the roots of the plants, due to which plant did not get the required amount of water. Also, the water that plant leaves soak causes many diseases.
It can cause fungal infections. Due to high temperatures and wet leaves, the leaves get burnt. It will affect the health and growth of the plant.
Do not Just Rely on Rain
Many plants like shrubs and flowers work best when they receive a sufficient amount of water. Giving them 1 inch of water, every work improves their growth. In the hot weather, such plants need more water than this.
After the rain, many people think that now plants do not need more water, but this is not so. Rainy water is not always enough for plants. It is essential not to only count the rainwater for keeping plants healthy.
You can also use a simple rain gauge to measure the amount of water. By this, you can easily find out if the plants require more water after rain or not.
If you are a plant lover and want to grow plants in your garden, you need to take great care of them. While taking care of the plants, most people do not know how frequently they should water their plants. However, if you are also among those people, you will get your answer in this article.