If you live in a small apartment and still want to grow plants, you should consider a terrace garden. Because of the lack of space, most people prefer terrace gardens.
Not only the scarcity of space but also many gardeners go for a terrace garden as it makes the overall place seem beautiful. By making a terraced garden, you can keep yourself connected with nature without compromising a lot of space.
Now you might think about how to make a terraced garden in a shorter area? If you do not know how to make a terraced garden, do not worry because we help you with this matter. In this article, we will make you familiar with the process of making a terraced garden.
What is a Terrace Garden?
A terrace garden is a type of mini-garden that is usually grown on a steep slope. It is also known as a roof garden. You can plant various types of fruits, vegetables, and flowers in it.
Terrace gardens can be developed on roofs, balconies, and terraces of any building. Though planting on a steep slope is quite difficult, it becomes easier with a terrace garden.
The best thing about a terraced garden is that it has several benefits. For example, you can minimize erosion with it. It will also help you distribute the water evenly to the ground.
Terrace Garden Design and Materials
Before starting building the terrace, you should first decide the design you want. Terrace gardens come in different designs, shapes, and sizes. It is up to you which design you want to build.
However, you also have to keep a few things in mind before starting building. The first thing is the area size. You will need to prefer the garden design as per the total area you have. If you have an extended area, you can build a large terrace garden.
On the other hand, you should only go for such a design that suits your landscape. Also, check the degree of the slope you are going to build your terrace on. Therefore, before deciding the design of your terraced garden, examine the overall area you have to get the best outcome.
Apart from the design, you also need to select the material required to build the terrace. There are different types of materials that you can use to construct a terrace garden, but most people prefer treated wood material.
The reason that most people choose treated wood over other materials is that it has more benefits. The best thing about treated wood is that it can easily blend in with the surroundings.
Further, the landscaping timbers can also be a suitable option as they last longer. It can withstand many seasons in your garden. However, if you want to construct a vegetable garden, we suggest going for cedar wood material.
The cedar wood material does not leach any chemicals into the soil, due to which it is a much safer option for vegetable gardens. So, it would help if you decided what design and material you want to use on your terraced garden to make it long-lasting and beautiful.
Things to Know Before Starting a Terrace Garden
If you want to construct a terraced garden, make sure to keep the following things in mind.
The Right Material
The prime thing to do while starting the process is to choose the right material. If you do not have the right material, you might not get the outcome you want. Some of the most common materials that you can use are bricks, concrete blocks, and rocks.
Apart from these materials, the treated wood is quite popular. It is an affordable material that you can easily install. Other than this, you can also choose cedarwood or landscape timbers as per your need.
As previously explained, cedarwood will be a better option if you want to build a vegetable garden. Also, you can use stones and masonry to make your terrace look more elegant.
Know Your Slope
Another thing you need to do is to understand your slopes. Make sure to only go for such a terrace design that suits your landscape. If the design does not fit the landscape, avoid it as it will make the terrace look unpleasant rather than beautiful.
Try only to prefer a design that adjusts well with space. You can also compose a DIY terrace design plan to make things easier for you. By doing so, you will know what you are doing.
Other than this, also try to determine the run and the rise of the slope. If we talk about the run of the slope, it is the measurement to the bottom from the hilltop.
However, the measurement is horizontal. On the other hand, the slope’s rise is the vertical distance from the top to the bottom. You can use these measurements to learn about the width and height of each bed.
Terrace Garden Levels
Further, you will need to consider building the terrace garden level. You can hire a professional for this task if you do not construct a terrace garden level. But if you plan to make it by yourself, make sure to dig the trench initially below the slope.
If you have more levels in the lawn, then you will need to make a deeper trench. Make sure to keep the trench level and keep the foundational terrace layer within the trench.
After this, you will also require digging a trench from the side. While digging a trench of the terrace garden, make sure to keep it levelled with the first trench. To connect the building materials, you can also use spikes.
Tools/Materials Needed to Build a Terraced Garden
Following are some of the tools and materials that you will need to construct a terraced garden.
- Large and small sticks
- Flat rocks of various sizes
- Mulching materials
- Posthole digger
Based on the types of terraced garden you want, you may add or remove tools/materials as per the need.
Steps To Follow to Make Terraced Garden
The given steps will help you construct a terraced garden.
Step 1: Getting Started
First, you will have to check a few things before starting making the terraced garden. Make sure to check the waterproofing of the roof slab before starting.
The reason that you should check the waterproofing is that some of the plants are heavier in weight, due to which you will need to check that the heavyweight of the plant does not cause water leakage issues.
If you do not want to deal with water leakage concerns in the future, you should waterproof your roof slab. There are various methods that you can use to construct a terrace garden.
One of the prime ways is by covering the surface with the soil. If you plan to cover your terrace with soil, ensure that the roof’s waterproofing is properly done. Proper waterproofing will help you avoid the leakage concern. You can also use a waterproofing layer to keep the roof slab stronger.
Remember to cover the waterproofing surface with an insulation layer which will provide additional protection. Other than this, you can also use earthen pots and put the plant seeds in them. So, it is up to you which approach you want to use to make the terraced garden.
Step 2: Check Water Drainage
You should also check the drainage of water as water absorption is essential for the growth of any vegetation. For this, you should ensure that the soil is porous, which will allow better movement of the air and water.
If the soil is not porous, you should first fix it not to cause waterlogging. Therefore, checking the drainage layer of your terraced garden is quite important.
Step 3: Layout/Structure of Your Terracing Garden
Once you are done examining the roof slab, the other thing you will need to do is decide the layout. If you want to place pots on your terraced garden, you should plan it early.
You should also plan space for recreational activities to get the best outcome. A backyard garden usually has less space, due to which you might struggle to plant things correctly.
Making a proper plan regarding the layout will help you utilize the limited space effectively. Furthermore, it would help to examine the area that gets sunlight and the shaded areas on your terrace.
Some of the plants need a lot of sunlight to grow properly, so you can grow such plants in an area that gets more sunlight.
Besides, you can also use natural stone or retaining walls in your terraced garden. You can use brick or natural stone to make a retaining wall. Additionally, you can use different ideas to make a layout of your terracing garden.
Step 4: Choose the Plant
Choosing the plant for your terrace garden is one of the interesting steps. Though there is a vast range of plants you can grow in your terraced garden, experts usually suggest planting fibre-rooted plants.
Instead of growing deep-rooted plants, you should go for the fibre-rooted plants on your lawn. You should avoid planting deep-rooted plants in your terraced garden because these types of plants need more depth of the soil, and their weight is also heavier.
While fibre-rooted plants do not require soil depth, and they are also lighter in weight. On the other hand, know the sunshade on your roof before planting.
Choose the shaded area for the plantation of the weak plants, while those plants that do not require more sunlight should be planted in a non-shaded area. After deciding on the plant, you can purchase their seeds from nearby nurseries. If you do not have any nearby nurseries in your area, you can order the seeds online.
Step 5: Choose the Suitable Soil
Not all types of plants grow on all kinds of soil. Therefore, you will need to decide the soil according to the plant you grow on your terrace. Other than the soil, you will also require purchasing containers to plant the seed.
As per the plant, you should fill the necessary soil into the container. Cover the whole roof surface with the soil if you want to grow plants on your entire roof. While adding soil to the roof, make sure that the soil is ideal for the growth of all types of plants that you are going to plant.
On the other hand, most gardeners prefer pots or plant containers to grow plants in their terrace gardens. If you also plan to do so, you can use a cement pot or an earthen pot.
Both these types of pots will make planting on terraced gardens easier for you. Other than these pots, you can also invest in raised beds. The raised beds are a perfect alternative to the beds and have several benefits.
The prime usage of the raised bed is that it is wider than the pots. If you want to grow vegetables, the raised beds will be ideal for that case. Besides, you can also hang flowering plants to make your terrace lawn seem more beautiful.
Step 6: Assemble and Start Gardening
As you have already bought all the needed elements for your terraced garden, now you need to assemble them. Add the plant seeds to the container and fix it with the needed soil.
After planting the seed, do not forget to water it regularly. Regularly watering the terraced garden will allow you to grow the plant properly. Further, to decorate your garden, you can also use various lightweight pieces of furniture.
Furniture will help you create a calming atmosphere for the plants. Therefore, by following these steps, anyone can easily set up the terrace garden. However, if you are a beginner in gardening, we suggest starting your terraced garden with a few plants.
Once you become familiar with the terraced garden, you can increase the number of plants. Remember to keep the plants protected from various worms and pests.
Moreover, several professional services are available that you can use to take help regarding the terrace garden. These professional services will help you in maintenance and care for your terraced garden properly.