Most new gardeners think that planting a fruit tree is a hard task which is not true. Whether you are new to gardening or an expert in it, you can plant fruit trees if you know the right approach.
The best thing is that fruit trees are relatively easier to grow and can benefit you by producing various delicious fruits. Apart from fruits, many fruit trees also result in beautiful spring blooms.
But how to plant fruit trees as a beginner? What would be the good fruit to plant on your lawn? Here, you will learn about planting fruit trees and the right tree to plant easily and effectively.
Steps to Follow to Plant Fruit Trees
You should follow the few steps if you have planned to plant fruit trees on your lawn.
Step 1: Choose A Fruit Tree
The first thing you need to do is to select a fruit tree. There are different types of fruit trees available that you can plant in your garden. However, before starting the planting of any fruit tree, check whether it is compatible with your soil or not.
If you do not have suitable soil for the required fruit plant, then make sure to avoid planting it. You can make the soil compatible with the required plant by adding fertilizer to it. However, many fruit plants can grow in a large variety of soils, so you will not struggle in that case.
On the other hand, you can also use plums, sweet apple trees, and other fruits to get the best-tasting fruit. Most experts recommend using a grafted fruit tree as they will result in more delicious fruit.
Also, these grafted fruit trees will yield more fruits which is another benefit. Besides, if you do not want to use a grafted fruit tree, you will require planting the seed.
In that case, you may require waiting for a long time to get the outcome. Grafted trees are available in two different forms, which include bare-root trees and potted trees.
- Bare Root Fruit Trees: You will need to dig up the bare root fruit tree and plant it as soon as you receive it. Delaying on the planting of these types of trees might not yield the best results. Therefore, once you receive it, make sure to begin the plantation process without any delay.
- Potted Fruit Trees: Another variety of grafted trees is a potted fruit tree. As indicated by the name, the potted trees grow in a pot. You will require planting the potted trees while they are dormant. These trees yield more fine roots as compared to bare-root trees.
Step 2: Choose Location for Plantation
Once you have selected the fruit tree you want to plant, you will need to choose the location for the plantation. Location matters a lot, and not all fruit plants can grow in all types of locations.
Therefore, you should be careful while choosing the location for plating your fruit trees. Most experts recommend looking for an open place with a sunny spot. It would help if you preferred a sunny spot because most fruit trees demand a lot of sunlight while growing.
A location that gets around six hours of full sunlight will be ideal for plantation various types of fruit plants. This full sunlight will help in attaining a stronger and healthier fruit.
Also, make sure that the location does not get shaded by taller trees or any nearby building. Go for a location that does not have much foliage nearby so that the fruit trees can easily get all the required nutrients and water.
Another thing that you should do is that you should imagine your fruit tree at full size. Ensure that it gets enough room and proper sunlight for growth even when it reaches its full height.
Step 3: Examine Planting Area Drainage
Apart from checking the sunlight, it would help to examine whether the location has proper soil drainage or not. I prefer such a location that has better soil drainage because it will help in thriving fruit trees.
Ensure that the soil does not retain a lot of water as it can harm the tree roots. Retaining more water can make the roots of the tree rot which will harm the overall growth of the plant.
Now you might think about how to check the soil drainage. Well, for that, you will need to dig a hole. For better results, make sure that the hole is around 1 foot deep.
After dipping the whole, you will need to fill it with water. You can plant the tree in the area if the water drains quickly, but if the water stands for a longer duration, try choosing another plantation location.
On the other hand, avoid planting in clay-heavy soil as it can also cause poor drainage. For better drainage, you can also till the soil and add some compost to it.
Step 4: Preparing the Ground
After finishing all the mentioned steps, you will need to prepare the ground, and for that, you may require digging a hole.
If you want better results, try to begin the plantation process in the spring. However, you can plant fruits at any time of year as you wish, but most experts usually recommend planting during the spring.
As a result, the tree can begin to grow roots and adapt to the soil immediately. Apart from planting, spring is also ideal for breaking ground because the soil gets easy to dig during spring.
Step 5: Add Compost
Depending on the type of soil you have, you may also require adding compost to the soil. If you want to plant in hard or clay-heavy soil, try to till the soil before planting.
Without tilling the hard soil, it might get difficult for you to begin the plantation. Make sure that the depth of till soil is around 2 feet. By doing so, you can loosen the soil that will also offer optimal drainage.
Apart from better drainage, it will further provide more area to the tree’s roots for their growth. To break and loosen the soil, you can use various gardening tools. Most gardeners prefer using a tiller or a garden spade for this task. After that, you will need to add compost to it and then mix it in.
Step 6: Dig A Wide Hole
Now dig a wide hole to plant the desired fruit tree. A wider hole will also help the roots to grow well. Mostly the roots of fruit trees grow outward, which provide them more room. You can use a shovel as it will make digging a hole a bit easier.
Also, examine the soil near the roots. Make sure that the soil around the roots is loose, which will make growing convenient for plants. Remember not to dig a too deep hole. If you are planting a grafted bare root plant, try keeping the tree base above the soil.
On the other hand, if you want to plant multiple fruit trees, ensure to plant them away from each other. Try to keep every tree at least 18 inches apart. Also, remember that some plants even require 20 feet of spacing for their better growth.
Therefore, it will be better to know how big a tree can grow before buying it. This will also help you determine how much spacing you should give between each tree. However, more space is usually a better option.
Step 7: Amending the Soil
During the plantation of fruit trees, it is also recommended to amending the soil. However, amending the soil depends on the quality of the soil and the type of tree you want to plant.
Knowing your soil quality and tree type will make it easier for you to amend it correctly. Therefore, try adding the required organic nutrients to the hole that you have dug for the plantation.
You may need only to add a sprinkle of compost to get the desired work most of the time. Make sure to add the compost to the base of the hole. However, you might not even need to amend the soil if it has all the required nutrition in some cases.
You can also visit a nursery to know more about the amending soil. Make sure to ask for suggestions from experts while you visit the nursery. Those experts at the nursery will let you make the right decision by looking at your soil type. Try not to use compost if the expert does not recommend it. Other than compost, you can also use well-rotted manure.
Step 8: Position the Tree
After digging a wider hole, you will need to place the tree in it. Try to position the tree correctly in the hole for its better growth. Also, add a little loose soil in the hole to make a mound.
After creating a mound, place the fruit tree at the mound centre. However, check that the roots are spread out properly or not. If the roots are not placed well, try to fix them and spread them out. After adding the plant to the hole, you can remove the soil as per the need.
While adding or removing the soil, check the roots. Remember that no roots should remain exposed. Ensure covering all the roots with the soil. If you notice any root above the soil, make sure to cut it off.
Step 9: Press the Soil
After placing the tree in the soil, the other step you need to do is fix the soil. Make sure to press the soil present around the roots. Place the nourished soil all around the roots.
After that, check the standing position of the tree. Check whether the tree is standing vertically or not. If the position of the fruit tree is not vertical, then try fixing it.
Step 10: Water Roots
Similar to any other plant, your newly planted trees will also require water for their growth. Make sure to water the roots of the fruit plant. Thoroughly water the area and try not to miss any of the areas while watering.
After watering the new plant, add more soil, gently press it and add a small amount of water. You will need to repeat this process until the soil reaches ground level.
Remember not to overwater the fruit tree as it can be harmful. Overwatering may cause the root to remain waterlogged, due to which the roots can rot.
Step 11: Stake Your Tree If Required
If you are tree planting in a location with a strong wind, you will also require staking the tree. For this, you will require tying it with a strong stick. You can also use a strip of cloth to attach the tree with a stick. However, while staking the tree, make sure to keep it loose.
Keeping it too tight can cause damage to the tree. On the other hand, if you keep it too loose, it might bend the tree. Therefore, remember not to stake the tree too tight or too loose. By doing so, the fruit plant will grow taller and straight.
Step 12: Add Organic Mulch
After covering the roots with soil and staking the fruit tree, the other thing you will need to do is to add the organic mulch. By doing so, you can protect the moisture present in the soil. Not only this, but also it will protect the roots from various damages.
Other than this, you can also minimize the growth of weed and grass by adding organic mulch. However, make sure not to cover the graft line with a mulch and keep it visible above the ground level.
Step 13: Protect the Fruit Tree
As you have planted the fruit tree, the other thing you need to do is protect it. Newly planted fruit trees are quite sensitive and can easily get damaged.
Therefore, to protect such a tree, you should take proper precautions. You can install a fence to keep animals away from your fruit tree.