If you take proper care of your garden, it increases the quality of your garden. It also improves the longevity of plants, vegetables and trees in your garden. The plants remain healthy for a long time.
Every plant requires a suitable amount of water and sunlight. Different plants require different levels of sunlight. In the same way, different plants demand a different level of care.
Some plants require more care than others. If you want your plants to be healthy, you have to take care of them. By your efforts, they can even withstand the extreme summer and winter seasons.
You can also save them from different diseases by doing little care. But how can one take care of their garden? Well, here you will find the top ways to keep your garden healthy.
Prime Reason of Diseases in Plants
First, it is essential to know why diseases happen. Diseases in plants can happen due to three reasons. These three reasons include;
- You might have a plant that gets sick. In many plants, the host is the main reason for disease. The host might make your plant sick.
- Pathogens like fungus, bacteria are the reasons for spreading disease. The pathogens cause several types of fungal and bacterial infections in plants.
- Environmental conditions like humidity and drought are also the reasons for spreading disease.
If your plants do not face these conditions, then the disease will not happen. By doing the prevention and little care, your garden gets healthy. We are here to tell you some important ways by which you can keep your garden healthy.
5 Ways to Keep Your Garden Healthy
Many gardeners do not know when their plants get a disease and how to get rid of it. Many times, small reasons are the cause of having the disease in plants. Before finding the solution to these diseases, it is crucial to know about them.
Method 1: Examine Plant Carefully
If you want your plant to be disease-free, the first step is to examine it before buying. Many times when we buy new plants, we do not sift through them. Many customers do not focus on checking the new plants.
New plants might get a disease in our garden that we do not know about. It becomes challenging to know if a plant is sick or not. Sometimes the plants might look healthy, but they are sick. For this, you have to collect some books or magazines related to the plants.
By reading these books, you will learn what a healthy plant looks like. If you find a plant with dead spots, then never take it to your home. If you find rooted stems or insects on the plant, this plant is not best for your garden.
If you get this plant, then these problems can spread to your other healthy plants. It also becomes difficult for you to get rid of these problems. In examining the plant, the critical step is to check the quality of the root. For checking the roots of pot plants, place your hand on the surface of the soil. The stem of plants should fall between your fingers.
Now you have to invert the pot. After this, shake the plant. The roots of plants loosen from the pot, and the plant comes out from the pot. Now you can easily see the roots. The root should be white, solid and space all over in the soil.
If you see dark or mushy roots, then it is not best for your garden. The root might get a disease even if the plant top appears healthy. If the root is not correct, then never buy such a type of plant.
Method 2: Water Plants Properly
Correct water is another essential point. If you water your plants properly, then your garden will be healthy. Many plant diseases also require water to spread, just like the plants require water to grow.
Due to which it becomes difficult to control plant diseases. Different pathogens are present in the soil. These different pathogens require water and air to grow. With the help of water, the pathogens move from one place to another and reproduce.
To stop these pathogens from reproducing, you have to choose different watering methods. With the help of water methods, you can limit the amount of moisture on the foliage. Soaker hoses are best in this way.
If you use pipe or other hand water technique, then do not water on the leaves. When you water the leaves, the leaves become wet. Due to heavy sunlight, these wet leaves get diseases.
Many leaves problems occur due to wetting of the leaves. Suppose you want to avoid leaf problems, just water the roots of plants. If you still want to water the leaves, then water them in the evening.
In the evening, the leaves do not have to face the sunlight and dry overnight. In this way, the root also has the time to absorb the water. When you give water to your plants, then try to avoid saturated soils.
When the plants get waterlogged, then the roots do not get a sufficient amount of oxygen. Due to which it promotes the root rotting fungi. The roots suffocate and become an easy target for the fungi that are rotting the roots.
Method 3: Use of Right Fertilizer
Giving fertilizer to the plants is very important. When you are fertilizing plants, then you have to do a lot of care. The amount of fertilizer matters a lot. If you use a large amount of fertilizer, then it can burn the roots of your plants.
If the roots get burnt, then the plant cannot grow well. It also reduces the ability of the roots to absorb water. Due to this, the plant can quickly be affected by cold and heat. If roots are not healthy, then plants quickly get the disease.
If you are not giving fertilizer to the plants, then they also affect your plants a lot. The plant requires many nutrients for its proper health and growth. Many times, the plants do not get these nutrients from the soil.
If the plants do not get proper nutrients, then they are affected severely. The leaves and roots start to be affected. You can fulfil these nutrients by giving the correct amount of fertilizer to the plants. The shortage or overabundance of nutrients both put stress on the plants.
To know the correct amount of fertilizer for the plants, you have to test your soil. Testing soil is essential. For testing the soil, you have to follow this procedure. Take a small amount of soil to the local extension agency.
The agency will give you all the necessary information about your soil. By doing this, you can give only the necessary fertilizer to your plants. The plants will grow well, and you can easily keep your garden healthy.
Method 4: Spacing up the Plants
When you grow new plants or transplant new plants, then keep in mind their spacing. Also, you have to see the spreading of the existing plants. Crowded plants are the reason for causing disease.
Such plants create humidity as they store water which causes many diseases. Diseases like rust, Downy mildew and many other diseases occur due to overcrowding of plants.
When the plants are overcrowded, then the proper flow of air does not take place. Due to which the plants do not get the necessary oxygen to breathe. When the plants are spaced well, then it will help to improve airflow around them. Well, spacing reduces the high humidity, and the plant’s foliage can dry quickly.
When you do not keep space between the plants, the plants do not grow well and become weak. Like human beings, the plants also compete with each other. They compete for light water and nutrients.
The plants that do not get the right amount of water and nutrients are susceptible to attack. The disease can easily affect such types of plants. When an infected plant or leaf comes in contact with the other plant, it spreads the disease.
It mainly happens in crowded plants. But if you create spacing between them, then the disease gets controlled. To lessen the chance of disease, trim out the damaged and crowded stalks.
Also, remove the old stalks that can weaken your plant. By removing them, you can easily save other plants. Rearranging the plants in different ways helps you to prevent the plants from getting the disease.
Method 5: Clean Garden in Fall
Cleaning the garden is very important in every season. But in the fall, it is essential to do it regularly. Leaves that are a week or become yellow fall in this season. These leaves suffer from different diseases.
They can also cause disease to other plants and leaves. If you clean them regularly, then you can easily control diseases in your garden. Dead leaves are the most significant reason for disease.
Such leaves also attack the new leaves that come in spring. But if you clear the leaves after each fall, then you can control the disease. If you want to grow new plants, then make sure to remove these places. Also, take care of cleaning the beds on time.
By following the above-given methods, gardeners can produce a healthy garden. You can keep your plants healthy by following the tips given above. Apart from this, we have also told you how to know the diseased plants so that you can fix them and attain a flourishing garden.