Clematis vines are a great addition to your garden as it produces beautiful flowers that can surely captivate your eyes. Pruning your plants not only improves the aesthetics of your garden but also helps in keeping your vine healthy and ensures proper re-growth of your plant.
There are various types of Clematis flower species that bloom in different seasons depending on the kind. So, pruning this plant also varies. There are proper ways and reasons for clematis pruning to mainly prevent damage to your vine.
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Know Your Plant
Getting to know what kind of variety you have for your garden is one of the crucial steps to learn how to take care of your vine. You can identify and group your clematis based on the season its flowers bloom.
Spring Bloom Clematis Flower
This group 1 vine blooms flowers in springtime, on growth from the previous year’s growth. Clematis belonging to this group are recommended to be pruned after the flowers bloomed in spring. This way it the plant could get enough time to grow its stems back, and flower bud ready for the next spring.
On how much to prune the clematis will also depend on the type of vine and how it grows. If your clematis easily thrives and vigorously grows, you can prune clematis almost to the ground. Slow growing varieties on the other hand should be pruned lightly. Although, some of the spring bloomers such as C. montana are not so eager to sprout immediately, so avoid cutting the vine too much to the old wood. You just have to remember that the shorter you cut the stems of the clematis, the sooner the blossoms emerge.
The group 2 of the clematis vines are repeat bloomers that blossom during late summer or early spring. The clematis that belongs to this variant produces a heavy flush of flowers in late spring but still offers new blossoms on new shoots before the summer ends. Pruning group 2 is more delicate than other pruning groups. Timing is necessary to make sure you get the best flower growth result. It is not recommended to prune these vines right after the first bloom to avoid losing its chance to show the beautiful blossoms in full.
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There are best ways to approach the pruning of this vine group. The simplest way to pruning clematis of this variant is to cut back half of the plant every other year. You can also drastically cut back the whole vine at a ground level with a few year’s intervals before growth starts with just a bit of pruning if only necessary. A more gentle approach is to lightly clip out and untangle the stem before the growth starts in late winter or early spring. When the first sign of faded flowers appears in late spring or early summer, you can severely trim the stems where the flowers blossomed. However, if the vines grow heavily later rather than earlier in the season, you can have the liberty to cut stems as necessary before early spring begins.
If you’re just about to decide what clematis to put in your garden, the summer bloomers or fall bloomers are the easier variants to prune. This group 3 vine should be pruned as the season begins. You can cut back the vines and shorten it until it is only 1 foot tall as it would grow taller by the end of the season, especially if you don’t want uncontrolled growth around.
The clematis in this pruning group can also be left alone if you have a tree or the space to support a large growth of vines. It will only need necessary trimming to cut off damaged stalks.
Managing the Clematis
Clematis bring forth beautiful flowers around your garden but it can be ruined by mismanagement of the vines. You don’t have to follow the pruning season before trimming the damaged stems caused by natural deterioration or plant pests. It could save your plant from dying completely.
Pruning clematis at the correct timing will result in abundant flowering growth. It can also help you manage the height of the vines so you can properly handle the trimming according to your ability to reach.
Common Oversight on Clematis Pruning
To neglect the clematis’ uncontrolled growth means getting a messy surrounding full of weeds with scrawny flowering. It can go as high as it can get shading other parts of your plant and vines that can prevent it from getting proper nutrition from sunlight.
One of the common mistakes in taking care of a clematis vine is being afraid of cutting it in fear of killing the plant. The clematis vine is a plant that requires pruning to show its best flowering view. Some of the pruning groups can be cut down as low as 1 foot at ground level and will still produce the best growth and flowering outcome.
Pruning too much at the Wrong Time
Cutting little stalks here and there even it’s not pruning season is alright just to maintain and control the growth of your clematis. However, pruning hard at the wrong time can be disastrous for your clematis. You will not be able to see the full blossom and growth of the vine in its flowering season. That’s why it is really important to know when to prune clematis according to its variant.
Clematis pruning is not done on an impulse there is a specific season to follow when pruning. It strictly depends on the season when the flowers bloom. A pruning group is applied to determine the different clematis variants to be pruned in specific seasons. There also pruning techniques to consider to achieve the utmost new growth and flowering. It can be pruned hard at the right time and trim the damaged stems anytime. It is critical to know the clematis variety you have when you plant it so you can manage the pruning well. It will save you a lot of time and bring happiness to your garden.
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