How to Seed a Lawn? – A Beginner’s Guide

Properly seeding a lawn can help you achieve a more beautiful and lush lawn. Unfortunately, most people do not know to seed a lawn. Some people end up overseeding a lawn which results in a low-quality outcome. However, seeding a lawn is not that much difficult.

Even if you are new to gardening, you can still seed your lawn with a little knowledge. There are a few simple tips and steps that you will need to follow to seed a lawn properly. You will learn about these steps in seeding a lawn via this article.

Steps on Seeding a New Lawn

Following are the steps you should follow if you want to seed a lawn.

Step 1: Preparation and Examining the Soil

No matter what type of landscaping project you are doing, the first thing that you will need to do is prepare. First, you will need to do proper preparation to achieve the desired outcome.

Ensure that the soil condition is suitable for seed germinating. If you have well-tuned earth and a better drainage system, it will be ideal for seeding. Apart from proper drainage, you should also pick the right chemistry so that it flourishes more.

However, if you think that your soil condition is not suitable for seeding, you do not need to worry. You can improve the soil condition with little effort. To achieve a better condition of your soil, you should first check whether there are any vestiges in your lawn or not.

Remove all the vestiges from your old lawn. You can also use a sod cutter for this task. The sod cutter will help you remove old grass and weed present in your lawn. The best thing is that it extracts the grass and weed from the roots.

You can also remove weed with the help of a weed killer. After that, you will need to turn the soil. For this, you can use a rotary tiller. You can also add compost and sand to the soil to get an ideal mix.

However, make sure that you do not add sand and compost in large quantities. Even after doing these things, you need to be careful with the soil pH. Make a proper seedbed environment to establish a beautiful new lawn.

Step 2: Check the pH of the Soil

If the soil does not have the right pH, then you will struggle to get better results from seeding. You can use a pH scale to test the pH of the soil. The pH scale will help you to know whether the soil has more acidity or alkalinity.

The pH scale comes with numbers ranging from 0 to 14, while 7.0 indicates neutral. If the pH is less than 7, then it is acidity, while if it is greater than 7, then it is base.

If you plan to grow new grass on your lawn, then make sure that its pH is between 6.0 and 7.5. The acidic nature of the soil is mostly because of the cool, wet climate. You can minimize the acidity of soil by adding lime to it.

On the other hand, if you notice that the soil is mildly alkaline, which is around 7.5 to 8.0 pH, you can use small peat moss. But if the soil is very alkaline, then you will need to try a little different approach.

You will require adding sulfur to the soil to minimize its alkaline characteristic. Mostly the high alkaline nature of the soil is because of dry and hot climates.

Though using a pH scale is not that much difficult, still, if you find any difficulty, in this case, you can take help from professionals. Further, if you plan to test the pH of your soil by yourself, you will need to follow the given steps.

  • First, you will require a pH test kit. Put water and soil in the test kit and shake it well.
  • After that, you will have to wait for one to two minutes to let the soil settle. After that, you will begin to notice that it has started developing color.
  • Once you get the color, compare it with the color-coded chart. The color-coded chart is usually present beside the test chamber.
  • If it shows a pH of around 6.0 to 7.5, then it is suitable soil for seeding.

With these steps, you can calculate the pH of the soil.

Step 3: Eliminate Rocks and Roots

Once you are done checking the soil’s pH, the next thing that you will need to do is to remove rocks and roots. You can use a pointed shovel for this process. Ensure to dig up all the roots and rocks that you notice on the lawn.

For digging the rocks, we would suggest you utilize a fiberglass-handled shovel. After removing the roots and rocks, do not forget to fill the holes. Try to level the soil so that you can achieve an even lawn. You can also use a rotary tiller to get a better outcome.

You may also use: 8 Best Wheelbarrows for Gardening – 2021 Review

Step 4: Use Sand and Compost

Now you will require adding sand and compost to the soil. Experts usually recommend using 1 inch of sand to cover the planting area. You can utilize a wheelbarrow to transport sand easily.

Further, you should ensure to distribute the sand evenly so that you can achieve an even lawn. To efficiently distribute the sand evenly, you can utilize a shovel.

Once you have added the sand to the soil, you will require mixing it with the topsoil. To easily mix the topsoil with the sand, I would suggest using a rotary tiller.

After that, take around an inch of compost and cover the area. Similar to the sand, you will require distributing it evenly. Again, you will require using a rotary tiller for mixing compost and sand into the soil.

Step 5: Amend the Soil

Further, you will be required to amend the soil. For this, you can use sulfur, peat moss, and lime. Adding sulfur, peat moss, and lime will help you balance the pH of the soil.

Apart from balancing the soil pH, it will also boost the nutrients. If you want to apply lime or sulfur on your lawn, you can use a walk-behind broadcast spreader for this task.

The walk-behind broadcast spreader will make it easier for you to apply lime and sulfur. For the distribution of peat moss, you can use a shovel.

However, make sure to use the appropriate distribution ratio. Try not to miss any spot on your lawn. You can also take assistance from a broadcast spreader to apply fertilizer.

Step 6: Rake the Soil

After that, you will need to rake the soil. For this process, you can utilize a metal garden rake. Make sure to carefully rake the soil and mix the lime, fertilizer with the soil.

How to Seed a Lawn? – A Beginner’s Guide

Besides, some people usually try spreading the sulfur, lime, and fertilizer by hand, which is not a good approach. As you have to apply them at different, specific rates, you should use some tools to add sulfur, lime, and fertilizer to the soil.

Step 7: Sow Grass Seed

Now the important step that you will have to follow is to spread the seed. You will need to sow grass seed accurately to get the wanted results. Remember to disperse the seed evenly on the soil.

Make sure not to miss any spot on the lawn where you want the grass seed to grow. You can use a handheld broadcast spreader for spreading the seed evenly. However, if you have a large lawn, using a handheld broadcast spreader might not be a good choice because it takes a lot of time and energy.

For a large lawn, you can utilize a walk-behind spreader. The walk-behind spreader will help you cover a large area without putting in much effort. Also, keep in mind to apply an even number of seeds. Therefore, you should be careful to sow the seed correctly.

For fast-growing grass seeds: Guide to the Best Grass Seeds for Fast Growing

Step 8: Rake in the Lawn Seed

Now again, you will need to rake the lawn seed. To rake in the lawn seed, you can use a plastic leaf rake. Before applying it to the soil, make sure to turn it upside down.

After that, utilize the tines back to push the seed into the soil. Do not apply long sweeping motions because by doing that, you might end up redistribution of the seed, resulting in uneven grass growth.

Step 9: Water Regularly to Grow Your New Lawn

If you want the grass seed to grow well, then do not forget to water them regularly. Once you are done with sowing the seeds, lightly water the area immediately.

How to Seed a Lawn? – A Beginner’s Guide

You can use a sprinkler to water the area lightly. More the sprinkler to make the entire area dampened. Initially, after sowing the seed, you will require watering the area more frequently for a few weeks to better grow the seed.


No matter whether you are an expert gardener or a beginner, by following the given steps, you can easily learn how to seed a lawn. Follow all the steps so that you get the best outcome. However, before starting the process, ensure to check the soil. If the soil is not suitable for seeding, you should first make it suitable and begin working.

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