How To Grow Mango From Seed

How To Grow Mango From Seed

Growing your own mango tree from seed is a rewarding experience that allows you to enjoy the luscious sweetness of home-grown mangoes. In this article, I will guide you through the step-by-step process of mango seed germination and provide essential tips for healthy growth.

Key Takeaways

  • Choose a healthy mango seed for successful growth.
  • Prepare the mango seed by cleaning and drying it thoroughly.
  • Facilitate seed germination through effective methods and proper care.
  • Plant the germinated seed in a suitable pot or container.
  • Provide optimal conditions for mango tree cultivation, including temperature, sunlight, water, and soil requirements.

Mango Seed Selection

When it comes to growing mango trees from seed, the selection of a healthy mango seed plays a crucial role in determining the success of your cultivation efforts. In this section, I will guide you through the process of mango seed selection and provide you with essential tips for proper planting techniques to ensure optimal seedling care.

First and foremost, it is important to choose a ripe mango fruit from which to extract the seed. Look for a mango with vibrant skin colour, free of any bruises or blemishes. A ripe mango should yield slightly to gentle pressure when squeezed.

Once you have selected a ripe mango, cut the fruit carefully to reveal the seed. Keep in mind that mango seeds have a hard outer shell surrounding the embryo. With the help of a knife or your hands, remove the seed from the flesh without damaging it.

After extracting the mango seed, it is essential to clean off any remaining fruit flesh. You can use a soft brush or cloth dipped in water to gently scrub away any residue. This step is crucial as it helps prevent the growth of mold or bacteria that could harm the seed.

Once the seed is clean, it is recommended to allow it to dry naturally for a few days. Place the seed in a cool, dry location, away from direct sunlight. This drying process helps prepare the seed for planting, improving its chances of successful germination.

Remember, not all mango seeds will germinate successfully, so it is a good idea to select multiple seeds to increase your chances of success. With a selection of healthy, clean, and dry mango seeds in hand, you are now ready to proceed with the planting process, which I will guide you through in the upcoming section.

Preparing the Mango Seed

Before planting the mango seed, it is essential to follow certain preparation steps to ensure successful germination. In this section, I will guide you through the process of cleaning and drying the seed, setting the stage for optimal mango seed planting and germination.

Firstly, gently clean the mango seed using water and a soft cloth to remove any fruit residue or pulp. This step is crucial as it helps prevent the growth of mold or fungi during germination. Be careful not to damage the seed coat while cleaning.

Once the seed is clean, place it on a paper towel or a clean, dry cloth to air dry for a few days. This drying period allows the seed coat to harden, which aids in successful germination. Ensure that the seed is placed in a warm and well-ventilated area, away from direct sunlight.

During the drying process, regularly check the seed for any signs of mold or rot. If you notice any discoloration or unpleasant odor, it is advisable to discard the seed and choose a different one to ensure healthy seedling growth.

After the mango seed has completely dried, it is ready for planting. Remember, the key to successful mango seed germination is to start with a clean and dry seed. Following these preparation steps will help ensure optimal conditions for the seed to sprout and grow into a healthy mango tree.


  • Clean the mango seed to remove any fruit residue or pulp, ensuring optimal conditions for germination.
  • Allow the seed to air dry on a paper towel or dry cloth for a few days, helping the seed coat harden.
  • Regularly inspect the seed for signs of mold or rot during the drying process, discarding any damaged seeds.
  • Plant the cleaned and dried mango seed to proceed with the germination process.

Mango Seed Germination

Germinating the mango seed is a crucial step in the journey towards growing a healthy mango tree. By facilitating the germination process effectively, you can set the stage for a strong seedling and ensure successful growth. In this section, I’ll provide you with valuable methods to help you achieve successful mango seed germination.

Selecting the Mango Seed

Before beginning the germination process, it’s important to choose a high-quality mango seed. Look for a seed that is firm, plump, and free from any signs of damage or disease. Avoid seeds that are shriveled or have soft spots, as these may not germinate successfully.

Water Germination Method

One effective method for mango seed germination is the water method. Begin by soaking the seed in a container of water for 24 hours. This process helps soften the seed coat, enabling quicker germination. After soaking, place the seed in a plastic bag filled with damp paper towels and seal it tightly. Keep the bag in a warm, dark place, such as on top of the refrigerator or in a kitchen cupboard. Check on the seed regularly to ensure the paper towels remain damp, and within a week or two, you should start to see a small root emerging from the seed.

Potting Method

If you prefer a more traditional approach, you can germinate the mango seed in a potting mix. Fill a pot with a well-draining soil mixture and plant the seed in it, making sure to cover it with about an inch of soil. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, and place the pot in a warm spot with indirect sunlight. Within a few weeks, you should witness the emergence of a tiny seedling.

Caring for the Mango Seedling

As the seed germinates and grows into a seedling, it’s crucial to provide it with proper care. Ensure that the seedling receives adequate sunlight, but avoid exposing it to direct sunlight for extended periods, as this can scorch the delicate leaves. Regularly water the seedling, keeping the soil evenly moist, but be careful not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot. Once the seedling has grown a few inches, you can transplant it into a larger pot or directly into the ground, following appropriate mango seedling care practices.

By following these effective methods for mango seed germination and providing proper care to the seedling, you can set the foundation for a strong and healthy mango tree. In the next section, I will guide you through the process of planting the germinated seed and share insights on the ideal conditions for growth.

Planting the Mango Seed

Now that your mango seed has successfully germinated, it’s time to give it a permanent home. Planting the seed in a suitable pot or container is a crucial step in ensuring its healthy growth. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you through the process:

  1. Choose a pot or container that is at least 12 inches deep and has drainage holes at the bottom. This will allow excess water to escape and prevent root rot.
  2. Fill the pot with a well-draining potting mix. You can also mix in some organic compost to provide additional nutrients for the seedling.
  3. Create a small hole in the soil with your finger or a pencil and gently place the germinated mango seed into it. Make sure the seed is positioned with the sprouted end facing upwards.
  4. Cover the seed with soil, leaving about half an inch of the sprout exposed above the soil surface.
  5. Water the pot thoroughly until you see water draining out of the bottom. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  6. Place the pot in a warm, sunny location where the seedling will receive at least 6-8 hours of sunlight daily. A south-facing window is ideal, or you can use a grow light for supplemental lighting.
  7. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Check the moisture level regularly by inserting your finger into the soil. If it feels dry about an inch below the surface, it’s time to water the seedling.

Remember, mango seedlings require constant care and attention, especially in the early stages of growth. Provide them with the right conditions, and you’ll be rewarded with a healthy mango tree in the future.

If you’d like to see an image:

mango seed planting

Providing Optimal Conditions

To ensure successful mango tree cultivation, it is essential to provide the tree with specific environmental conditions that promote healthy growth. Let’s explore the factors that contribute to ideal mango tree cultivation.


The mango tree thrives in warm climates, preferably with temperatures ranging between 21°C to 32°C (70°F to 90°F). It is important to protect young mango trees from frost, as they are sensitive to cold temperatures.


Sunlight plays a vital role in the growth and productivity of mango trees. These trees require full sun exposure for at least six hours a day to develop properly and produce an abundant harvest. Plant your mango tree in an area with ample sunlight, preferably where it can receive direct sunlight throughout the day.


Appropriate watering is crucial for mango tree cultivation. Provide regular but moderate watering to maintain moist soil. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot and other issues. During the dry season, it is important to increase the frequency of watering to ensure the tree’s hydration.

Soil Requirements

Mango trees thrive in well-draining soil with a pH level ranging from 6 to 7.5. The soil should be loamy and rich in organic matter. Prior to planting, ensure the soil is adequately prepared by incorporating organic compost or well-rotted manure to improve its fertility.

Creating a suitable mango nursery is an effective way to control the tree’s environmental conditions, especially during the initial growth stages. A mango nursery provides a controlled environment where young mango trees can flourish under optimal conditions, ensuring their successful transition to the field.

By creating the ideal conditions for your mango tree, including proper temperature, sunlight exposure, suitable watering, and well-drained, fertile soil, you can promote healthy growth and a bountiful harvest. Keep in mind that mango tree cultivation requires patience and attention to detail, but the rewards of home-grown mangoes are well worth the effort.

Mango Tree Propagation

If you’re interested in propagating your mango tree, you’ve come to the right place. In this section, I’ll explain various mango tree propagation methods, such as grafting and air layering, and provide guidance on how to propagate a mango tree successfully.


Grafting is a common technique used for mango tree propagation. It involves joining a healthy scion (a stem or bud) from a parent tree with a rootstock or seedling. The scion is selected from a desired mango variety, while the rootstock provides a strong foundation for growth. This method allows you to preserve the characteristics of a specific mango cultivar.

  1. Select a healthy scion from a mature mango tree. Make sure the scion is free from any diseases or pests.
  2. Prepare the rootstock or seedling by making a diagonal cut on the stem.
  3. Make a matching diagonal cut on the scion, ensuring that the cuts align perfectly.
  4. Join the scion and rootstock together, securing them with grafting tape or rubber bands.
  5. Place the grafted mango tree in a warm and humid environment to promote healing and growth.
  6. Monitor the grafted tree regularly and provide proper care to ensure its successful establishment.

Air Layering

Air layering is another effective method for mango tree propagation. It involves creating a rooting chamber on a mature branch, encouraging the branch to develop roots before severing it from the parent tree. This technique is particularly useful when you want to propagate a specific mango variety that is challenging to graft.

  • Identify a healthy branch with mature growth on the mango tree.
  • Make a shallow longitudinal cut on the branch, removing a small strip of bark.
  • Wrap the wounded area with moist sphagnum moss or a rooting medium.
  • Enclose the moss or rooting medium with a plastic wrap, securing it with tape.
  • Monitor the air-layered branch and keep the rooting medium consistently moist.
  • Once roots have developed, carefully cut below the rooting chamber and transfer the air-layered branch to a pot or suitable growing medium.
  • Provide ideal growing conditions and care for the newly propagated mango tree.

mango tree propagation

By following these mango tree propagation techniques, you can expand your mango nursery and grow a diverse range of mango varieties. Whether you choose grafting or air layering, remember to select healthy plant material and provide the necessary care for successful propagation.

Pruning and Maintenance

Pruning and maintenance play a crucial role in the successful cultivation of a mango tree. Regular pruning helps promote healthy growth, improves fruit production, and enhances the overall appearance of the tree. To ensure your mango tree thrives, here are some essential tips:

  1. Timing: The best time to prune a mango tree is during its dormant period, usually in late winter or early spring. Pruning during this time minimizes stress on the tree and allows for faster healing of the pruning wounds.
  2. Tools: Use clean and sharp pruning tools to make precise cuts. This helps prevent the spread of diseases and ensures efficient pruning.
  3. Removing Deadwood: Begin by removing any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. These branches can serve as entry points for pests and diseases, compromising the overall health of the tree.
  4. Thinning: Thin out crowded areas by selectively removing branches that are crossing or rubbing against each other. This helps improve airflow and reduces the risk of fungal infections.
  5. Shaping: Prune the tree to maintain its desired shape and size. Trim back any long or unruly branches to encourage a more compact and manageable growth habit.
  6. Top-Working: If you wish to change the variety of your mango tree or add a different cultivar, top-working can be done. This involves grafting a new variety onto an existing tree.

In addition to pruning, regular maintenance practices are essential for the health and development of a mango tree:

  • Watering: Provide adequate water to your mango tree, especially during the dry seasons. Deep watering is preferable, allowing the water to penetrate the root zone.
  • Fertilizing: Apply a balanced fertilizer formulated for fruit trees in early spring and mid-summer to supply essential nutrients for optimal growth.
  • Monitoring Pests and Diseases: Regularly inspect your mango tree for signs of pests like aphids, scale insects, and mango fruit flies. Address any infestations promptly using suitable organic or chemical controls to prevent damage.
  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the tree to help conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and improve soil fertility. Avoid piling mulch against the trunk to prevent rot.

By following these pruning and maintenance practices, you can ensure the long-term health and productivity of your mango tree. Remember, a well-maintained tree not only enhances the aesthetics of your garden but also rewards you with bountiful and delicious mangoes.

Dealing with Common Issues

During the cultivation of mango trees, it is common to encounter various challenges and issues that can affect their growth. In this section, I will discuss some of the most frequent problems faced by mango tree cultivators and provide effective solutions to address them.


Pests are one of the primary concerns when it comes to mango tree cultivation. Common pests that can infest mango trees include aphids, fruit flies, and mealybugs. To prevent or control pest infestations, it is important to regularly inspect your trees for signs of damage, such as yellowing leaves or distorted fruit. Use organic insecticides or natural pest control methods to protect your mango trees without harming the environment.


Mango trees are susceptible to various diseases, including anthracnose, powdery mildew, and bacterial black spot. These diseases can cause leaf spots, fruit rot, and overall decline in tree health. To prevent the occurrence and spread of diseases, it is essential to maintain good tree hygiene by removing fallen leaves, pruning infected branches, and providing adequate air circulation. Applying appropriate fungicides and following a regular spray schedule can also help protect your mango trees from diseases.

Nutrient Deficiencies

Adequate nutrition is crucial for the healthy growth of mango trees. Common nutrient deficiencies include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Signs of nutrient deficiencies may include yellowing leaves, stunted growth, and reduced fruit production. Conduct soil tests to determine the nutrient levels, and provide the necessary fertilizers or organic amendments to correct any deficiencies. Regularly monitor the nutrient status of your mango trees and adjust the fertilizer application accordingly.

By diligently monitoring your mango trees for pests, diseases, and nutrient deficiencies, and taking appropriate measures to address these issues, you can ensure the successful cultivation and growth of your mango trees.

Insect Infestation on Mango Tree

It’s important to watch out for insect infestations on your mango tree. Pests like aphids, fruit flies, and mealybugs can cause significant damage. If you notice any signs of infestation, such as wilting leaves or distorted fruit, take immediate action to control the pests. Use organic insecticides or natural pest control methods to protect your mango tree without harming the environment.

Fungal Diseases and Their Prevention

Fungal diseases such as anthracnose and powdery mildew can affect the health of your mango tree. Regularly inspect your tree for symptoms like black spots on leaves or powdery white growth. To prevent the occurrence and spread of fungal diseases, maintain good tree hygiene by removing fallen leaves and creating a well-ventilated environment. Apply appropriate fungicides or use organic alternatives to protect your mango tree from fungal infections.

Ensuring Proper Nutrition for Mango Trees

A well-nourished mango tree is essential for its growth and fruit production. Monitor the nutrient levels in the soil and apply appropriate fertilizers or organic amendments to provide the necessary nutrients. Regularly check for signs of nutrient deficiencies, such as yellowing leaves or slow growth, and adjust the fertilizer application accordingly. Maintaining optimal nutrition will help your mango tree thrive and produce high-quality fruit.

mango tree cultivation

Harvesting Mangoes

The joy of growing a mango tree culminates in the harvest of delicious mangoes. After months of care and nurturing, it’s time to reap the rewards of your mango tree cultivation. But how do you know when the mangoes are ready to be harvested?

First, observe the mangoes on your tree. Look for a change in color and size. Depending on the mango variety, the skin color may change from green to yellow, red, or orange when the fruit is ripe. The size of the mangoes should also be a good indicator, as they tend to grow larger as they ripen.

Next, gently squeeze the mangoes. Ripe mangoes will give slightly but not be overly soft. The flesh should feel firm yet yield to gentle pressure. Another technique is to smell the mangoes. A fruity aroma emanating from the stem end indicates that the mango is ripe and ready to be harvested.

Picking Mangoes:

  • Use a gentle twisting motion to detach the mango from the tree. Avoid pulling or tugging, as this can damage the fruit or the tree.
  • Always handle the mangoes with care to prevent bruising or any other damage that can affect their quality.
  • Avoid harvesting mangoes during rainy or humid conditions, as moisture on the fruit can lead to rot or fungus development.
  • Harvest mangoes in the morning or late afternoon when the temperatures are cooler, as this can help preserve the fruit’s flavor and freshness.

Once you have harvested your mangoes, it’s time to store them properly to maintain their quality.

Storing Mangoes:

  • Before storing, give the mangoes a gentle wash to remove any dirt or debris. Make sure to pat them dry with a clean cloth.
  • Keep ripe mangoes at room temperature for a few days to allow them to fully ripen before consuming. Placing them in a paper bag can speed up the ripening process.
  • If you have a large quantity of ripe mangoes, consider refrigerating them to prolong their freshness. Place them in a plastic bag or airtight container and store them in the refrigerator for up to five days.
  • Remember to separate ripe and unripe mangoes when storing. Unripe mangoes can be stored at room temperature until they are ready to be ripened.

Enjoy the fruits of your labour by indulging in the luscious taste of home-grown mangoes. Whether you eat them fresh, make mango smoothies, or use them in a delectable dessert, the satisfaction of growing and harvesting your own mangoes is truly rewarding.


By following the steps outlined in this article, you are well on your way to successfully growing a mango tree from seed. Starting mango seeds is an exciting process that allows you to take part in the journey of cultivating your own mangoes.

Throughout this guide, we have explored the essential aspects of mango seed starting, from seed selection to providing optimal conditions for growth. Remember, patience and care are key when nurturing your mango seedling into a thriving tree.

With each passing day, you will witness the progress of your mango tree, from the tiny seed to a majestic foliage that bears delicious fruits. The rewards of your efforts will be worth it, as you savor the sweet and juicy taste of home-grown mangoes.

So, don’t hesitate to embrace the wonderful world of mango seed starting. Experience the satisfaction of nurturing a mango tree from its humble beginnings and enjoy the bountiful harvest it has to offer. Happy mango gardening!